Loyola University Chicago Libraries

Pastoral Studies: MLA

MLA Style Manual

Sample Bibliography

Works Cited


Book (Print):

Durant, Will, and Ariel Durant.  The Age of Voltaire. New York: Simon, 1965. Print.

Parker, Hershel. Melville: A Biography. Vol. 1. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1996. Print.


Article in a Magazine, Newspaper, Journal (Print):

Piper, Andrew. "Rethinking the Print Object: Goethe and the Book of Everything." PMLA 121.1 (2006): 124-38. Print.


Article in a Magazine, Newspaper, Journal (Online):

(Date at end is date of access -- the date you found the article online)

Chan, Evans. "Postmodernism and Hong Kong Cinema." Postmodern Culture 10.3 (2000): n. pag. Project Muse. Web. 20 May 2002.

Richardson, Lynda. "Minority  Students languish in Special Education System." New York Times 6 Par. 1994, late ed.: A1+. Pt. 1 of a series, A Class  Apart: Special Education in New York City. LexisNexis. Web. 15 Aug. 2007.


Other Online Resources:

"deKooning, Willem." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2007. Web. 19 Mar. 2007.

"Utah Mine Rescue Funeral." CNN.com. Cable News Network, 21 Aug. 2007. Web. 21 Aug. 2007.

Lessig, Lawrence. "Free Debates: More Republicans Call on RNC." Lessig 2.0. N.p., 4 May 2007. Web. 20 Nov. 2007.

Kline, Daniel T., ed. Geoffrey Chaucer Online: The Electronic Canterbury Tales. U of Alaska Anchorage, 30 Jul. 2007. Web. 2 Dec. 2008.


Other Sources:

"Shakespearean Putdowns." Narr. robert Siegel and Linda Wertheimer. All Things Considered. Natl. Public Radio. WBEZ, Chicago, 6 Apr. 1994. Radio.

"Shakespearean Putdowns." Narr. Rober Siegel and Linda Wertheimer. All Things Consiered. Natl. Public Radio. WBEZ, Chicago, 6 Apr. 1994. Print. Transcript.

Evans, Walker. Penny Picture Display. 1936. Photograph. Museum of Mod. Art, New York.

General Formatting Rules

The following rules are taken from the MLA Style Manual, 3rd edition, 2008.

  1. Call the section "Works Cited"
  2. Use a hanging indent.
  3. Use italics (not underline) for titles of books and titles of journals.
  4. Note the format of the resource -- you must write "Print," "Web," "Performance," etc. after your citation.
  5. Many web source entries now require a publisher name, a date of publication, and/or page numbers. When no publisher name appears on the website, write N.p. for no publisher given. When sites omit a date of publication, write n.d. for no date. For journal articles without page numbers, write n. pag. for no pagination.
  6. You do not need to include the URL for online resources.

In text citation

  1. MLA uses in text parenthetical citation. 
  2. A typical citation consist of an author's last name and a page reference, ex: (Schwartz 37)
  3. If you have already noted the name of the author in the text, simply put the page number in parentheses, ex: In his Autobiography, Benjamin Franklin states that he prepared a list of thirteen virtues (135-37)
  4. If there is no author, include the title and page number.  If there is no page number, include just the title, ex: A New York Times editorial called Ralph Ellison "A writer of universal reach" ("Death").