Loyola University Chicago Libraries

Pastoral Studies: Chicago Manual of Style

Manual of Style

Sample Bibliography



Books (Print):

Squire, Larry R. Memory and Brain. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Comaroff, Jean, and John Comaroff, eds. Modernity and Its Malcontents: Ritual and Power in Postcolonial Africa.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.


Books (Online):

James, Henry. The Ambassadors. Project Gutenberg, 1996, http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/432.


Article in a Magazine, Newspaper, Journal (Print):

Loften, Peter. "Reverberations between Wordplay and Swordplay in Hamlet." Aeolian Studies 2 (1989):12-29.

McMillen, Sallly G. "Antebellum Southern Fathers and the Health Care of Children." Journal of Southern History 60, no. 3 (1994): 513-32.

Myers, N. and R. Tucker. "Deforestation in Central America: Spanish Legacy and North American Consumers." Environmental Review, Spring 1987, 55-71.


Article in a Magazine, Newspaper, Journal (Online):

Hlatky, Mark A., Derek Boothroyd, Eric Vittinghoff, Penny Sharp, and Mary A. Whooley. "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Sympoms in Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Studey (HERS) Trial." Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no.5 (February 6,2002), http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo (Accessed january 7,2002).

Mitchell, Alison, and Frank Bruni. "Scars Still Raw, Bush Clashes with McCain." New York Times, March 25, 2001. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/25/politics/25MCCA.html (accessed january 2, 2002).

Thomas, Trevor M. 1956. "Wales: Land of Mines and Quarries." Geographical Review 46, no. 1: 59-81. http://www.jstor.org/ (accessed June 30, 2005).


Other Online Resources:

Kurland, Phililp B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders' Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.

U.S. Census Bureau. "Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin, 1987 to 1999." Health Insurance Historical Table 1, 2000. http://www.census.gov/hhes/hlthins/historic/hihistt1.html.


Other Sources:

Handel, George Frederic. Messiah, selections. VHS. Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chamber Chorus, Robert Shaw. Batavia, OH: Video Treasures, 1988.

U.S. Congress. Annals of the Congress of the United States, 1789-1824. 42 vols. Washington, DC, 1834-56.

General Formatting Rules

Chicago discusses using both footnotes and parenthetical citations.  This guide will describe footnotes and a full bibliography.

  1. Use a superscript note in the text.  Use a normal, full size, not raised number in the footnote, followed by a period.
  2. For articles, do not use 'vol.' for volume, but do use 'no.' for number.

In Text Citation

1. Douglas D. Heckathorn, "Collective Sanctions and Compliance Norms: A Formal Theory of Group-Mediated Social Control," American Sociological Review 55 (1990): 370.

2. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England (1628-86), 5 vols. (Boston, 1853-54), 1:126 (hereafter cited as Mass. Records).

3. Mass. Records, 2:330.

4. Henry James, The Ambassadors (Project Gutenberg, 1996), bk. 6 chap. 1, http://

5. A. E. Weed. At the Foot of the Flatiron (American Mutoscope and Biograph Co., 1903), 2 min., 19 sec.; 35 mm; from Library of Congress, The Life of a City: Early Films of New York, 1898-1906, MPEG http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/papr/nychome.html (accessed August 14, 2001).