Loyola University Chicago Libraries

Citation and Writing Guides: CSE

Primary Format or Style Guide

 Council of Science Editors
Scientific style and format : the CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers /
6th ed. Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, Date: 1994.
Cudahy Main Stacks T 11 .S386 1994

Special Topics

Numbering Style - http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/publications/ssf_numberstyle.cfm

Journal Title Abbreviations
PubMed's list of journal titles and abbreviations is at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=journals.

CSE Uses and Tips


CSE Style: for Biology, Geology, Chemistry and Other Sciences 
Council of Science Editors, formerly known as the Council of Biology Editors (CBE), established in 1957 by the National Science Foundation and the American Institute of Biological Sciences. Originally, recommendations on scientific style were limited mainly to the microbial, plant, zoological, and medical sciences, however, the scope was broadened to generally encompass all scientific disciplines in January 2000.

Though similar to other style guides, many scientists use one of three systems of documentation specified by the Council of Science Editors.

  • CSE name-year system, the author of the source is named in the text and the date is given in parentheses.
  • CSE citation-sequence system, each source cited in the paper is given a number the first time it appears in the text. Anytime the source is referred to again, the text is marked with the same number. At the end of the paper, a list of references provides full publication information for each numbered source. Entries in the reference list are numbered in the order in which they are mentioned in the paper. 
  • CSE citation-name system, the list of references is first put in alphabetical order and then the entries are numbered in that order. Those numbers are used in the text to cite the sources from the list.


AUTHORS' NAMES List authors' names last name first. Use initials for first and middle names, with no periods after the initials and no space between them. Do not use a comma between the last name and the initials. Use all authors' names if a work has up to ten authors; for a work with eleven or more authors, list the first ten names followed by a comma and "et al." (for "and others").

TITLES OF BOOKS AND ARTICLES  Capitalize only the first word in the title of a book or article (and all proper nouns). Do not underline or italicize the titles of books; do not place titles of articles in quotation marks.

TITLES OF JOURNALS  Abbreviate titles of journals that consist of more than one word. One general guideline is that at least the last two letters are usually dropped.  Sometimes, internal letters may be eliminated.  Words that are one-syllable or less than five letters usually aren't abbreviated. Capitalize all the words or abbreviated words in the title (for example, Science, Sci Am, J Clin Psychopharmacol). Do not underline or italicize the title.In the CSE style, journal titles that are more than one word must be abbreviated.

PAGE RANGES  Do not abbreviate page ranges for articles in journals or periodicals and for chapters in edited volumes. When an article appears on discontinuous pages, list all pages or page ranges separated by commas: 145-149, 162-174. For chapters in edited volumes, use the abbreviation "p." before the numbers (p. 63-90).

CSE Guidelines

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