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Loyola University Chicago Libraries

Education Main Research Guide


"Archives" is most recognized as the term designating the repository where papers and records are held and made available to researchers. However, "archives" is also defined as the records of an institution or organization. Examples of this are the records of the United States Government at the National Archives and Records Administration; state and county records at the Illinois State Archives; and university records at the Loyola University Archives.


Special Collections

"Special Collections" refers to materials other than institutional or organizational records that are kept for their historical value. These collections are often divided according to format and can include manuscript collections (where "manuscript" is used to designate personal papers); audio-visual collections; oral history collections; theses and dissertations; and rare books. Special Collection departments usually focus on a limited number of subject areas. For example, Special Collections at Loyola focus on Samuel Insull; Catholic organizations; Jesuit educators; and Women and Leadership.