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Definition of Primary Resources
A primary source is firsthand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic, an event, a person's life, original works of literature, and historical facts. It consists of original materials that have not been filtered through interpretation, condensation, evaluation or any type of commentary.
- Data sets (e.g. Census statistics)
- Encyclicals (and other papal writing)
- Eyewitness accounts
- Letters and correspondence
- Original documents (e.g. birth certificates, transcripts)
- Original works of art
- Proceedings and minutes
- Scientific journal articles reporting research results
- Technical reports
- Works of literature (e.g. fiction and poetry)
Primary Source Databases
A concise selection of Primary Resource Databases can be viewed below.
For a complete index, please visit http://libraries.luc.edu/databases/all?type=Primary+Resource.
Access World News Provides full-text information and perspectives from over 600 U.S. and over 700 international newspapers.
American National Election Studies ANES produces data on voting, public opinion, and political participation to help researchers better understand the theoretical and empirical foundations of national election outcomes.
Anthropology Online Anthropology Online is the most comprehensive resource for the study of social and cultural life yet created, featuring a wide range of written ethnographies, field notes, seminal texts, memoirs, and contemporary studies, covering human behavior the world over.
Black Studies Center Black Studies Center combines three invaluable resources for research and teaching in Black Studies: Schomburg Studies on the Black Experience, International Index to Black Periodicals (IIBP), and The Chicago Defender.
Chronicle of Higher Education A source for news and information from the world of academia. The full text of the current issue is available online every Monday morning. The Archive provides access to past issues from January 1995 to the present. You can now download full issues of the Chronicle to your iPad. Create an account on the Chronicle's website using your Loyola email address. Activate the account by following the directions in your email. Download the app at http://chronicle.com/ipad and sign in with your new account.
Eighteenth Century Collection Digital Archives (ECCO) Digital images of every page of books published during the 18th Century, this database provides full-text searching in the fields of history, literature, religion, law, fine arts, science and more.
Entrez PubMed An integrated, text-based search and retrieval system used at NCBI for the major databases, including PubMed, Nucleotide and Protein Sequences, Protein Structures, Complete Genomes, Taxonomy, and others.
First Folio of Shakespeare Based on copies of the 1623 First Folio in the Folger Shakespeare Library. This SGML encoded edition is fully searchable and has been provided by the Oxford Text Archive.
Goldsmiths'- Kress Library of Economic Literature, 1450-1850 Part I of the Making of the Modern World series; this resource includes digital facsimile images on every page of 61,000 works of literature on economic and business published from 1450 through 1850. Provides full-text searching on more than 12 million pages.
Historical Newspapers Allows cross-searching of the Chicago Tribune (1890-1985), the Chicago Defender (1905 -1975) the New York Times (1850-2001), the Los Angeles Times (1881-1987), and the American Periodical Series I, II & III (1741-1900).
ICPSR Data Access An archive of social science data for research and instruction in the social sciences, education, health sciences, and business. Read the information carefully before downloading data sets from ICPSR or placing requests with Research Computing.
Illinois Newspapers Full-text electronic access to over 90 regional daily and weekly newspapers across Illinois. Advertisements are not included.
Illustrated London News Historical Archive 1842-2003 The Illustrated London News is the world’s first illustrated weekly newspaper. This Historical Archive covers from the initial launching of the newspaper in 1842 to its last issue in 2003. It serves a crucial primary source database for British history and significant world events. The database has more than one and half million color facsimile images. Searches can be limited to sections such as advertising, news and business, arts and leisure, people, and commentary or illustrations. A feature called Research Tools gives access to a collection of essays that highlight primary source content in this database.
Institute for Research on Poverty The IRP is a center for interdisciplinary research into the causes and consequences of poverty and social inequality in the United States. It has a particular interest in poverty and family welfare in the Midwest.
MedlinePlus MedlinePlus is the National Library of Medicine's consumer health web portal. It contains reputable information on health topics, drugs and supplements, the latest medical news, and more in a variety of reading levels and languages, including Spanish.
Naxos Sheet Music Library This Naxos Music Library offers over 45,000 sheet music titles, powered by FreeHandMusic.com. The library delivers digital sheet music in all classical genres, spanning music from Medieval to the 21st century and composers from Bach to Arvo Part.
Past Masters A collection of primary-source full-text works of Philosophy. Includes Aquinas , Augustine, Dewey, Hegel, Nietzsche, Peirce, Plato, Wittgenstein and others.
Roper Center The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research is one of the world's leading archives of social science data, specializing in data from surveys of public opinion. Note: Individual registration is required for access, using luc.edu email only